: composer sultans

31-01-2007, 21:20
some of ottoman sultans are composer. specially II. Bayezid, I. and II. Mahmud, III. Selim and last sultan VI. Mehmed could be mentioned. you can find some of their compositions in here.

31-01-2007, 21:42
BAYEZID II (1447 - 1512)
The 8th sultan of the empire and son of Mehmet II (The Conqueror). He spent his prince hood in Amasya and ascended to the throne in 1481. He was a poet, calligrapher and a lover of fine arts and sciences. He wrote poems under the pen-name of "Adni". Although we know that Bayezid II loved music and supported musical activities of the Ottoman court, it can not be definitively claimed that he was a composer. In old musical collections we find several composers whose names are all Bayezid, but all of these compositions can not be attributed to Sultan Bayezid II.

MAHMUD I (1596 - 1754)
24th Ottoman sultan. His rule can be considered to be one of the last brilliant periods of the empire, also a great era in Turkish music during which many good composers flourished. Mahmud eagerly supported music and encouraged musical activities in his cour. He wrote poems under the pen-name "Sebkati". Only a few of his instrumental compositions have survived.

SELİM III (1761 - 1808)
28th Ottoman sultan. He was undoubtedly one of the best composers in the Ottoman classical music tradition and played tanbur ad ney. Although there have been a great number of people from the imperial family who took interest in music and who played musical instruments and composed songs, none can compare with Selim III in his enthusiasm for musical pursuits and his achievements as a composer.

Gathering together well-known musicaians of the court and city, the young Selim began to encourage musical activities in court even when he was a prince. He also supported female musicians in the Harem section of the Ottoman court. His reign was indubitably the most brilliant era of Turkish music. Abdlhalim Ağa, Vardakosta Ahmed Ağa, Kk Mehmed Ağa, Sadullah Ağa, Emin Ağa, Numan Ağa, Şakir Ağa, Kömrczade Hafız Efendi, Tanburi İzak, Dede Efendi and many other leading composers of the tradition flourished during this era in which the Ottoman court's traditional musical patronage went much beyond an official interest.

Introducing novelties in music is the most prominent aspect of this era. The need for creating novelties manifests itself in designing new makams and also bending some established rigid rules to some extent. The years when he was a prince and sultan are usually referred to as "the era of Selim III" in the history of Ottoman music.

Selim III was a Mevlevi (the order of Whirling Dervishes). He never lost his interest in the musical
activities in the mevlevihanes (dervish monastry) and other musical centres in the city. He attended liturgical ceremonies of the Whirling Dervishes and visited the Galata Mevlevihanesi to have literary and musical conversations with the great divan poet Şeyh Galib. It's remarkable that Hampartzum Limonciyan and Abdlbaki Nasır Dede both developed new notation systems with the encouragement of Selim III.

Selim III designed a number of few makams such as suzidilara, şevkefza, şevk-u tarab, arazbuselik and nevakrdi. He composed approximately 70 works using various instrumental and vokal musical forms. He wrote poems under the pen-name "İlhami" and gathered them in a divan. In some of his vocal compositions he used his own poems for song-texts.

MAHMUD II (1786 - 1839)
30th Ottoman sultan. He ascended to the throne in 1808. Mahmud II was one of the most active sultans in the history of the empire. Having officially inaugurated the Westernization process in Turkey, he abolished the mehterhane, the traditional Janissary band of the empire, and replaced it with the western-type military band. He invited Giuseppe Donizetti, brother of the famous opera composer Gaetano Donizetti, to Istanbul to found Muzıka-i Hmayun (Music of the Imperial Court), an institution that would introduce Western music into Turkey. Muzıka-i Hmayun was in fact a kind of Western music conservatory.

Although Mahmud's official presence was for Western music, he was personally a lover of traditional Ottoman music. Those great composers who flourished in Selim III's court continued to be active at the time of Mahmud II. Therefore, his reign was another brilliant period in the history of Turkish music.

Mahmud II, who played the tanbur and the ney, also took interest in composing and produced beautiful songs. Mahmud II wrote poems under the pen-name "Adli".

MEHMED VI (VAHDETTİN) (1861 - 1926)
36th Ottoman sultan and the youngest son of Sultan Abdlmecid. He ascended to the throne in 1918. He fled Turkey after the War of Independence and died in San Remo (Italy) in 1926.
Mehmed took interest in both Turkish and Western music. He played the piano and the kanun. He also collected the musical notations of a great number of Turkish compositions. To this day, only a few of his compositions are known. It seems that there are many more of his works that have yet to be brought to light.

01-02-2007, 11:20

Apparently Selim III was the inventor of makam pesendide does Ozhan have it played in his CD?


04-02-2007, 04:35
thanks for sharing..

06-02-2007, 10:24
thanks for this. It seems the whole Ottoman Empire was working on music in a way or another, from the Sultans to peasants! Which was wonderful!

Can you tell us the source CD please? Is it "Padişah Bestekarlar"?

thanks, Hakem.

29-12-2007, 10:04
That was wonderful! thanks alot...I'm new to this forum, and I can't wait to post some tracks in this lovely section:)

Anton Efendi
29-12-2007, 21:44

Apparently Selim III was the inventor of makam pesendide does Ozhan have it played in his CD?

He invented makam Suzdilara. He has a beautiful pesrev in that makam.